Question: What specific things were rationed then? Answer Sugar, meat, gasoline, butter, tires and shoes. Rationing cards were issued with stamps.  You were entitled to use so many stamps per week.  On your car windshield, you had a sticker showing the amount of gas you were entitled to.  If you were a farmer or if your job contributed to the war effort, you were given a higher rating and could receive more gas. The speed limit was 45 miles per hour to save on tires. Tires then were made out of pure rubber; now they are synthetic. Question: Did you and your family plant a victory garden? Answer: We traditionally had a garden. We planted corn, pole beans (string beans), beets, carrots, leaf lettuce, radishes, tomatoes, onion.  Asparagus grew wild on our ditch banks, also rhubarb (for pies), cabbage, cucumbers and bell peppers. It didn’t seem hard because we were used to working in the garden. Question: Were any of your family or friends in the war?  If so, were you scared? Answer One brother-in-law, Boyd Lorenson, who was an aircraft welder.  He was in England with the 8th Air Force.  One nephew, Wayne Tuft, in the Navy. I was in the infantry but never went overseas.  I was wounded during training. Yes, somewhat worried about the prospects of having to fight before the war ended. Question: Did you have enough food for your family?  And did you ever eat Spam? Answer: Yes we had enough food.  We rarely ate Spam. Question: Did you know anyone who was German?  And were you scared of him or her? Answer We had a family or two in town who were German.  We were a little suspicious but not scared.  We gave some thought to the possibilities of them being spies.  (Our family was a little paranoid.)  I didn’t know any Japanese at all. Question: When you listened to the radio, were you surprised on what they talked about?  And what did they talk about? Answer: Not surprised but very interested.  Often we would get news from the newsreels at the movies. They talked about the progress of the war—what success we were having, about the casualties on both sides, where the fighting was located. Question: Did families live closer to grandparents in the 1940’s than they do today?  And what did they talk about? Answer: Mostly, you grew up with cousins, grandparents, aunts and uncles, giving you a closer feeling of family. Question: Did your families make sacrifices during the war?  If so, what? Answer: Sacrifices weren’t noticed.  We had plenty of food and weren’t used to having a lot.  It disrupted our normal pattern of life.  Missions and college were postponed. Question: What did you do for entertainment?  Do current forms of entertainment today seem better or worse for relationships in families?  Why? Answer: Movies and dancing.  While in the Service, I would go to the USO (United Service Organization).  It was very much like a club for servicemen where they could dance and have other recreation.  Sleeping quarters were provided for servicemen on leave in town. The Hollywood Canteen was very famous near Hollywood, California, where movie stars would come and entertain the servicemen, also serving them coffee, sandwiches and doughnuts. There was more family-centered entertainment (picnics, hunting, fishing, trips to the canyon, or family outings).  All family members could attend a movie together; there were no ratings on movies. Question: Did you know anyone who was wounded or killed in battle?  If so, how did neighbors and family members respond to what happened? Answer: Our bishop, LeGrand Frank, was in the Bataan, Philippines’ Death March.  He died as a result of the cruelty and abuse during the march.  Two choice young men from our town, Air Force pilots, San Sorensen and Lloyd Knapus, were killed in the war.  The whole town grieved over them.  The one was our other bishop’s son, Sam Sorensen.  A memorial was held for them in the tabernacle. Scott Gottfredson Orrock Interview (Phone Interview Regarding World War II ) by Emily Marquez